End poverty in all its forms everywhere Extreme poverty rates have been cut by more than half since 1990.While this is a remarkable achievement, one in five people in developing regions still live on less than $1.90 a day, and there are millions more who make little more than this daily amount, plus many people risk slipping back into poverty. 16 17 T he Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were agreed amongst 193 nations in 2015. They balance economic, social and environmental dimensions, and represent an expression of determination by all countries to take transformative steps to shift the world onto a more sustainable and resilient path. African nations and RECs (Regional Economic Cooperation) are main partner in the development and implementation of the SDGs. The integration agenda of the EAC covers most of the sectors addressed by the SDGs. The EAC-GIZ programs with a main focus on regional economic integration and health are in particular addressing the following SDGs (www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment): Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages Ensuring healthy lives and promoting the well-being for all at all ages is essential to sustainable development. Significant strides have been made in increasing life expectancy and reducing some of the common killers associated with child and maternal mortality. Major progress has been made on increasing access to clean water and sanitation, reducing malaria, tuberculosis, polio and the spread of HIV/AIDS. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls While the world has achieved progress towards gender equality and women’s empowerment, women and girls continue to suffer dis- crimination and violence in every part of the world. Gender equality is not only a fundamental human right, but a necessary foundation for a peaceful, prosperous and sustainable world. 22-49% of all firms in the EAC region are owned by women (2011-2014,World Bank). 74% of informal cross-border trade in the EAC is done by women (2012, EAC). Promote inclusive and sustainable economic growth, employment and decent work for all A continued lack of decent work opportunities, insufficient investments and under-consumption lead to an erosion of the basic social contract underlying democratic societies: that all must share in progress. The creation of quality jobs will remain a major challenge for almost all economies. Build resilient infrastructure, promote sustainable industrialisation and foster innovation Investments in infrastructure – transport, irrigation, energy and information and communication technology– are crucial to achiev- ing sustainable development and empowering communities in many countries. It has long been recognised that growth in produc- tivity and incomes, and improvements in health and education outcomes require investment in infrastructure. Sustainable Development Goals Guiding EAC Integration Revitalise the global partnership for sustainable development A successful sustainable development agenda requires partnerships between governments, the private sector and civil society. These inclusive partnerships built upon principles and values, a shared vision, and shared goals that place people and the planet at the centre, are needed at the global, regional, national and local level.