28 29 MVA (Manufacture Value Added) growth is falling • From 8,2% in 2006 to 5,7% in 2015 • Share of manufacture to GDP from 8-10% East Africa has the lowest per capita value from manufacturing (69 USD – in Germany) S taged against a backdrop of economic resurgence and optimism, the East African region was expected to grow by 5 to 6 percent in 2016/2017 according to estimates of the African Economic Out- look Indictors. In reality, however, intra-EAC trade growth has fallen behind global trade growth, particularly for industrial products. This development evidences implementation gaps and prompts for policy reviews. The 2nd East African Business Summit in Kigali in May 2017 was organised by the East African Business Council (EABC) and the East African Community (EAC) Secretariat and supported by the GIZ-EAC Integration Programme. It brought together manufacturers and poli- cymakers from the East African region and beyond. Its main objective was to forge a path towards growth, self-sustainabil- ity and enhancing the EAC visibility as a major investment destination in manufacturing and industrial production. Business community and policymakers jointly identified agro-processing and agro-business, pharmaceuticals, mineral processing, construction materials, leath- er and textiles and automotive industries as the strategic sectors for industrial development in the region. The slogan ´Buy East African, Build East Africa` highlights the need for regional value chain integra- tion and a common regional identity. The textile industry was cited as an example of the threat posed to regional production by the influx of second hand clothes from Asia as well as North America. Governments should stimulate local industries through their public procurement processes, and improve both infrastructure and production capacity. The region should also learn from best practices of other successful countries and regions. The three day summit culminated in the establishment and signing of ´The Kigali Resolutions on Manufacturing` as a call to action by the relevant stakeholders to commit themselves to facilitating continued economic growth and development of East Africa. Heading for Innovation Towards an industrialised East Africa by 2032