EAC-GIZ Peace and Security Programme
Curbing the Proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons and Strengthening the EAC Peace and Security Department
The East African Community
The East African Community (EAC) has recognised that stability and security in the region are prerequisites for successful economic integration. As previous experiences with conflicts in the Partner States have shown, economic development of the entire region can be hampered or even thwarted by a national crisis of one of its members. The EAC is therefore endeavouring to build capacities and to establish policies and instruments for crisis prevention, early warning mechanisms, conflict transformation, small arms control (SAC) and the promotion of good governance. However, hesitant implementation of regional strategies and standards at national level is a major challenge for reaching the objective.
GIZ supports the EAC Secretariat to facilitate the implementation of joint activities in the areas of peace and security by the EAC partner states. The programme contributes to achieving the EAC objective of building a joint peace and security policy among its Partner States to stabilise the region. As such, it contributes directly to the objectives formulated in the EAC Treaty (Articles 123 and 124) in the areas of peace, security and good governance.
Our Approach and Services
GIZ combines sectoral and policy consultancy to the EAC Secretariat with organisational development and management advice. Strengthening the interaction and consultation between regional and national levels as well as between regional organisations is key to building a coherent regional peace and security architecture.
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GIZ support comprises advisory services by long-term and short-term experts, organising and implementing training sessions, supplies of materials and equipment to a limited extent, as well as financial contributions and local subsidies for concept development and implementation of measures on the level of the Partner States.
The target group of the programme is the population of the EAC Partner States, especially women, children and minorities, who are particularly hard hit by the consequences of armed conflicts and lack of security.
| Destruction of Weapons in Kampala, Uganda|| || |
Contributions and Achievements
In 2006, GIZ initiated the cooperation with EAC on Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW). The EAC identified SALW as one of the key security challenges for the Community.
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| Gun-marking machine MC 2000|| |
Ordinance prepared for destruction at
Nakasongole Airbase, Uganda
With the support of GIZ, the subject of SALW control was positioned prominently on the political agenda. Some of the major contributions are thus:
- Spearheading the development of a regional policy for arms control and management
- Through cooperation with the Regional Centre on Small Arms (RECSA), the project financed the procurement of firearm marking instruments and associated database software for the use by the police forces in the five EAC Partner States.
- Partner States are given direct support for implementation of SALW control
- Close involvement of civil society organizations and the systematic integration of a gender component into all national action plans.
GIZ has also supported the development of the East African Early Warning Mechanism (EACWARN), the Conflict Prevention, Management and Resolution Mechanism(CPMR) , all in line with fulfilling the Africa Peace and Security Architecture (APSA). With support from GIZ the following ongoing activities are supported:
- Draft Road Map for the implementation of EACWARN
- Development of Standard Operating Procedures for EACWARN
- Improved indicators for operationalisation of EACWARN
- Development of training modules and training of EAC-GIZ staff in technical aspects of managing the EACWARN and in mediation techniques
- Development of modalities for the establishment of the Eminent persons Strategy to the CPMR.
GIZ will continue to strengthen the new EAC Directorate for Peace and Security both in its operational and technical capacity to effectively coordinate the implementation of the strategies and work-plans developed in the directorate.
GIZ will also develop a result-based monitoring and evaluation system to monitor the direct and indirect impact of the EAC peace and security activities.
Possible areas of intervention beyond 2012
- Carrying out a comprehensive regional study to assess the level of involvement of women in peace and security activities and initiatives particularly at the decision making levels
- Enhancing the involvement of civil society organisations in the regional integration process
- Sensitisation of the youth and strengthening their involvement in regional peace and security initiatives
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|Celebrations are always part of the SALW events (Bujumbura/Burundi, April 2010|| Discussions on gender dimensions of SALW during |
the 2012 Gender Week in Arusha
Regional SALW Expert:
Regional Peace and Security Expert: